International Women’s Day, a holiday celebrated world wide, honors working women and women’s struggle everywhere – even recognized by Google with a special doodle/logo for its search page.
Origins: “On March 8, 1857, garment workers in New York City marched and picketed, demanding improved working conditions, a ten hour day, and equal rights for women. Their ranks were broken up by the police. Fifty-one years later, March 8, 1908, their sisters in the needle trades in New York marched again, honoring the 1857 march, demanding the vote, and an end to sweatshops and child labor. . . In 1910 at the Second International, a world wide socialist party congress, German socialist Clara Zetkin proposed that March 8th be proclaimed International Women’s Day.” (CWLU Archive)
The following year, International Women’s Day “was marked for the first time, by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire alone, there were 300 demonstrations. In Vienna, women paraded on the Ringstrasse and carried banners honouring the martyrs of the Paris Commune. Women demanded that women be given the right to vote and to hold public office. They also protested against employment sex discrimination.” (Wikipedia) “However less than a week later on 25 March, the tragic ‘Triangle Fire’ in New York City took the lives of more than 140 working women, most of them Italian and Jewish immigrants. This disastrous event drew significant attention to working conditions and labour legislation in the United States that became a focus of subsequent International Women’s Day events.” (International Women’s Day.com)
- CWLU (Chicago Women’s Liberation Union) Archive, “A History of International Women’s Day: “We Want Bread and Roses Too” originally published 1972.
- International Women’s Day.com, “ABOUT INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY (8 March)”
- Wikipedia, “International Women’s Day“